José Carlos Mariátegui: An Anthology

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  1. Jose Carlos Mariategui: An Anthology (a review)
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This book is the product of that intent. In a sense, in the Indian context, this anthology comes at the right time. Here, the most radical expression of the Indian left, while being labeled the greatest internal security threat to the Indian state by the Prime Minister, appears to be struggling in renewing and refreshing its theory and praxis.

Jose Carlos Mariategui: An Anthology (a review)

These Maoist revolutionaries, or Naxalites as they were once known, now find themselves squeezed in the adivasi- or tribal-dominated forests and hills of central and eastern India. Thus it was better to fight for equality within existing state structures rather than the Indigenous peoples separating themselves from modernity in alternative states which would only increase their poverty and marginalization.

Although he saw race or ethnic identity and class identity as being intertwined with each other, he threw a challenge to identity politics which asserted that racial or ethnic oppression and discrimination lay at the heart of the poverty of indigenous peoples. Instead he made the materialist claim that Indian oppression was a socioeconomic issue which at that time was rooted in the unequal distribution of land and the failure to overcome the legacy of feudalism in the Peruvian countryside.

The protection of land and its redistribution for Indians was not in any sense linked to a project of identity politics of Indians as being quintessentially attached to their land, but a consequence of a specific Peruvian history of appropriation and exploitation. Rather, he reflected a sophisticated understanding of how indigeneity operated in specific local contexts. He was rather taken with the voluntarist, unorthodox Marxism of Sorel , which he saw the qualities of in the rise of Lenin and the Bolsheviks.

He was in Italy during the Turin factory occupations of , and in January he was present at the Livorno Congress of the Italian Socialist Party , where the historic split occurred that led to the formation of the Communist Party.

José Carlos Mariátegui

By the time he left the country in , Benito Mussolini was already on his way to power. According to him, fascism was the price that a society in crisis paid for the failures of the left. He also began using Marxist methods to study Peru. The fifth issue of the publication in March was dedicated to Vladimir Lenin. In , he established the journal Amauta to serve as a forum for discussions of socialism, art and culture in Peru and all of Latin America. In , he was arrested and confined to a military hospital, and later subject to house arrest.

He briefly considered relocating to Montevideo or Buenos Aires. That year, he published his best-known work, Seven Interpretative Essays on Peruvian Reality , in which he examined Peru's social and economic situation from a Marxist perspective. It was considered one of the first materialist analyses of a Latin American society.

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Other essays are devoted to public education, religion, regionalism and centralism, and literature. He observed that Peru at the time had many characteristics of a feudal society. He argued that a transition to socialism should be based on traditional forms of collectivism as practiced by the Indians. This phrase later became the name of the Shining Path Maoist terrorist organization in Peru as a means of differentiating them from other Communist groups they preferred to be called the Communist Party of Peru. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

Jose Carlos Mariategui: An Anthology - José Carlos Mariátegui - Google книги

This article is about the Marxist intellectual. Moquegua , Peru.

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Theoretical works. Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Napoleon. A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy.

Pierina Ferretti: El marxismo en José Carlos Mariátegui

Economic determinism Historical materialism Marx's method Philosophy of nature. Related topics.

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Communism Criticisms of Marxism Revolutionary socialism Socialism. Theory and practice. Commune Commune model of government Communist society Anti-capitalism Class struggle Class consciousness Classless society Collective leadership Collectivism Common ownership Free association From each according to his ability, to each according to his needs Gift economy Labour movement Planned economy Proletarian internationalism Social revolution Stateless society Wage slavery Workers' self-management World revolution.

History of communism Communist revolution Communist party Communist state Communist symbolism. By region.